Type 1 Diabetes Community
A guide for adults with type 1 diabetes

Future Health and Complications

No one ever wants to think about the health complications of type 1 diabetes. However studies show that many people with type 1 diabetes do have some form of early diabetes-related health complications within twenty years after diagnosis.

  • Cardiovascular disease
  • Kidney disease (nephropathy)
  • Eye disease (retinopathy)
  • Nerve damage (neuropathy)
  • Gum disease (periodontal disease)
  • Foot problems

These complications are linked to having higher blood glucose levels over a long period of time, as certain cells will absorb glucose without the help of insulin. Too much extra glucose over time can be toxic to these cells, and damage them.

You can help to stop or delay the onset of diabetes-related complications by keeping your glucose levels within your target range, and having regular annual check-ups. As complications happen slowly over time, the earlier you manage to pick up the signs, the earlier you can implement health care professional-recommended strategies to delay the onset of these complications. 

Most importantly, don’t panic! Thinking about future health complications can be upsetting and difficult. Concentrate on managing your diabetes now by testing your levels, taking your insulin, eating well and doing regular exercise. Good health now is the best way to reduce the risk of complications in the future. 

Want to learn more about the future health and potential complications of type 1 diabetes and other type 1 diabetes topics?

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